Evidence of global decline in amphibian population has highlighted the need of more extensive and rigorous monitoring programs to document the species occurrence and detect the population changes. Therefore, a complete inventory of the amphibians in Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) becomes crucial in this area before they become extinct. Unless a comprehensive study on the species accounts, diversity and distribution is conducted, no reasonable management recommendation and conservation action plan can be established. Discovery of many new amphibian species is going on worldwide and perhaps some species have already extinct without documenting them. The survey work for amphibians in Annapurna Conservation Area will provide the baseline information and their distribution along altitudinal gradients. The project will assist the concern authorities and related stakeholders in formulating effective management plans for the conservation of rapidly declined amphibians. Since the amphibians are considered as key bio-indicators of environmental health due to their sensitivity to water pollution (Mackessy, 1998), their research and baseline information help us to understand the status of wetlands and overall freshwater ecosystems in ACA. Moreover, this baseline information can be used for species richness and population changed indicators in the future. Therefore, this project aims at understanding the diversity and distribution, documenting survival threats and setting long-term monitoring and conservation programs for amphibians in ACA.